No more doubt around your Employment Status


Nowadays, there are many different working arrangements. Are you aware of the difference between a worker and an employee? Do you know which category you fall into? We have already covered the questions around freelancers here.
In this article, you can find the most common employment statuses and everything you need to know about them. Keep on reading!

Employment status

Employee

An employee will work to the terms within a contract of employment and will carry out the work personally. The contract includes pay, annual leave and working hours although they don’t have to write it down. The best practice is still to record the main terms and conditions of employment in writing.

The contract has to include the entitled employment rights. See some below:

  • a written statement of employment.
  • itemised pay slip.
  • the National Minimum Wage.
  • holiday pay, maternity and paternity pay etc.
  • the right to request flexible working hours.
  • the right not to be discriminated against.

Contract Worker

worker

A worker will also work to the terms within a contract of employment and generally have to carry out the work personally. However, some workers may have a limited right to send someone else to carry out the work, such as a sub-contractor.

Workers could include:

  • casual work
  • agency workers
  • freelance work
  • seasonal work
  • zero hours work.

Workers have rights too. These are listed here:

  • the National Minimum Wage.
  • holiday pay.
  • protection against unlawful discrimination.
  • the right not to be treated less favourably if they work part-time.

Agency worker

Agency worker

A temporary work agency supplies the agency workers to a client/hirer to carry out work for the client/hirer. It’s normally temporary work.
The Agency Workers Regulations give agency workers the right to the same basic working and employment conditions they would receive if directly engaged by the client to do the same job.

Volunteer

Voulenteer

Volunteers carry out unpaid work for organisations, such as charities, voluntary organisations or fundraising bodies. Volunteers usually have a volunteering agreement and a role description rather than a contract and a job description. They should receive training and development appropriate to their role.
Volunteers are not entitled to the national minimum wage as they don’t receive payment for their services, but they are often paid their travel and lunch expenses.


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